Standoff UV Raman Spectroscopy
Spectral Sensor Solutions (S3) has been integrating UV Raman spectroscopy techniques into various standoff sensors to provide rapid and sensitive detection and identification of chemical compounds that might be present on surfaces.
Raman spectroscopy is a non-contact detection and identification technique well suited for the detection of liquid and solid contamination on surfaces. It entails the irradiation of suspected contaminated surface with a monochromatic laser and spectroscopically analyzing the backscattered light. A spectrum corresponding to characteristic vibrational frequencies of the contaminant is obtained to the red of the laser wavelength. These Raman lines are shifted from the excitation wavelength by amounts equal to the vibrational frequencies of the molecule, providing Raman spectroscopy with the ability to differentiate structurally similar chemicals.
S3 sensors share a common architecture depicted in the figure above. A UV laser pulse is transmitted and illuminates the surface being interrogated. Chemical compounds present on the surface scatter the excitation laser light within the whole solid angle and a small portion is collected by the receiver telescope. This collected scattered light is coupled to a fiber bundle, providing the input slit of a spectrograph. The dispersed Raman spectrum is imaged on an intensified camera to create the digital Raman signature for that chemical compound. This signature is then compared to a database of known compounds to generate a match or no match result. Both, the MANPORTABLE sensor and the CSD sensor, use this configuration.